High cholesterol is an abnormal raise in blood cholesterol which may lead to coronary heart disease.
Despite the role cholesterol plays in the body, elevated levels of cholesterol, specifically low density lipoprotein (LDL) is noted for the development of atherosclerosis – primary causes of heart disease.
There are factors that can increase your risk of high cholesterol including obesity, gender, lack of Vitamin E, exercise, alcohol, smoking to name but a few.
Lifestyle changes and food modifications, specifically those rich in vitamin C, vitamin E have be reported as the best approach in checking cholesterol related problems.
Dietary source of this vitamins plays an important role at preventing oxidation of cholesterol as well as optimizing your cholesterol levels.
Standard for cholesterol levels
Total blood cholesterol; 200mg/ dL
LDL cholesterol levels less than 100mg/dL
HDL cholesterol levels above 60mg/dL
Triglycerides, Less than 150mg/dL
Vitamin E And Antioxidant for cholesterol
This is a substance that guard our body against attack from free radicals. This is achieved by donating electron to an unstable molecules.
Free radicals are unpaired electron waiting to be paird by another compounds in the body. Absence of antioxidant leads to oxidative stress.
Oxidative stress occurs when there’s excessive formation of free radicals (1). Antioxidant neutralizes oxidative stress by donating electron to balance up the unpaired electron.
Deficiency of antioxidant contributes considerably to oxidation of cholesterol. While optimum amount of antioxidant prevent high cholesterol levels.
However, there are different types of antioxidant including phenol, polyphenol, lutein, Vitamin E, Vitamin C, terpenoid among others.
Apart from the free radicals synthesis by the body, there are other factors that could trigger free radicals including air pollution, ciggeratte smoke, and alcohol intake.
Vitamin E is a fat- soluble vitamins serve as antioxidant and one of the body’s primary defenders against the adverse effects of free radicals.
Normal range of vitamin E has been associated with effective functions of the blood cholesterol, whereas deficiency of vitamin E may predisposes one to oxidation of cholesterol which causes cardiovascular problems.
Vitamin E impede the oxidation of the polyunsaturated fatty acids, and protects other lipids and related compounds (Vitamin A) as well.
Accumulating evidence observed that vitamin E may reduce the risk of heart disease by protecting low density lipoprotein (LDL) against oxidation.
Dietary source of vitamin E include; Peanut, Almond, Safflower, Sunflower, Spinach
Broccoli, Sunflower seeds, Beets, Pumpkins Prune
Vitamin E and antioxidant for cholesterol, use of dietary source of vitamin E can be helpful in prevention and treatment of cholesterol problems.